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New PDF release: A City from the Dawn of History: Erbil in the Cuneiform

By John MacGinnis

The urban of Erbil, which now claims to be one of many oldest constantly inhabited towns on the earth, lies at the wealthy alluvial plains on the foot of the piedmont of the Zagros mountains in a strategic place which from the earliest occasions made it a traditional gateway among Iran and Mesopotamia. in the context of old Mesopotamian civilisation there could be doubtless that it'll were essentially the most very important city centres. but whereas the castle of Erbil is with no query a website of outstanding curiosity, archaeologically the mound has until eventually lately remained nearly untouched. however wealthy documentation permits us to appreciate the context during which town grew and flourished. This paintings is devoted to the cuneiform resources. jointly those contain countless numbers of records stretching from the overdue 3rd millennium to the mid first millennium BC. the first actual references, in administrative files from the files of the royal palace at Ebla, date to ca. 2300 BC. within the eras that persist with texts written in Sumerian after which Akkadian attest to the city's classes of independence alternating with its incorporation within the Ur III, Assyrian and Babylonian empires. From the Achaemenid interval, whereas the Elamite texts from Persepolis are often unpublished, Erbil does look either within the recognized inscription of Darius I at Behistun and within the celebrated Passport of Nehtihur, an Aramaic rfile from Elephantine in Egypt. The resources comprise a wide selection of administrative texts, royal inscriptions, offers, chronicles, letters, votive dedications and oracular pronouncements which jointly supply a special perception into the historical past and society of this remarkable city.

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A City from the Dawn of History: Erbil in the Cuneiform Sources by John MacGinnis

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